Do you know the history of baking came from Britain? Do you know ingredients for baking bread, cakes, and biscuits, as well as the equipment? Professor John Walter, along with Dr. Sara Pennell, came up with these baking facts.
Middle Ages Baking Facts
In the middle ages, few people were baking for luxury by burning wood in the stove to make bread with better quality. Ovens were not available at houses. So, bread-baking was a commercial activity.
Rich people were able to afford flour wheat bread, pie, and cakes of exotic color, weighing 10 to 20 lbs. But the poor ate rye and black bread.
15th Century History Of Baking
In the 15th century, Britain people used spices, saffron, cream, and butter to make a sweet dough. The popular items were small bun wig, pies from beef or mutton, biscuits, and gingerbread from bread crumbs.
During The 16th And 17th Centuries History Of Baking
In the 16th and 17th centuries, plump cake with butter, cream, and raisins were popular. Baking became common, and people were baking cakes and biscuits. In the 17th century, sugar and spices were added in flour to make mince pies for baking facts.
During the 16th century, there were small, yeast cakes and buns. The ‘cake hoop’ and cake tin become famous. Cakes use ale and yeast-bread-based dough. Seed cakes, pastries, and aerated pastry flour were also popular.
During 18th Century Baking
The popularity of making cakes increases in the 18th century.
The book Art of Cookery by Hannah Glasse was published during the year 1747. It has pictures and recipes to make various cakes. Pennell says, j the baking was developing just like the technology. There was an industrial revolution in Britain when heavy baking started. Many people of the working class were able to get bread and jam, Walter says. On festivals like Easter, Christmas, and other celebrations or seasonal occasions, even the poor were eating good food like the rich people of society. In the 18th century, merchants and shopkeepers were able to buy ovens for baking commercially.
During The 19th Century
In the 19th century, people invented the baking powder that was used in baking to make the cakes light in weight. Employment rose in the 19th century, and the people of the working class were not able to spend much time on preparation of food, says Walter. Although fast food became a culture during that time. But the women were more interested in eating convenient food that takes less har work and effort. So they like to eat more of pasties and pies. However, the popularity of baking powder rises very fast for making cakes. The use of yeast in the baking of cakes was reduced on a large scale. Makin cake becomes easy with the use of simple ingredients. To make a cake, people use flour, butter or fat, egg, and baking powder, which acts as the rising agent to make varieties of cakes in the world.
Prof. John Walter taught political culture at the University of Essex, and Dr. Sara Pennell worked with the University of Greenwich as a history lecturer.